Your Guide to Binocular Vision Dysfunction (BVD) and Vertical Heterophoria (VH)

Binocular vision dysfunction (BVD) and Vertical Heterophoria (VH) are two vision issues which may surface after someone suffers a traumatic brain injury, such as a stroke. Both of these conditions can have significant impacts on one’s quality of life. Fortunately, effective treatment options are available.

Your Guide to Binocular Vision Dysfunction (BVD) and Vertical Heterophoria (VH) in Bellflower

Amplify Eyecare of Greater Long Beach

What are Binocular Vision Dysfunction and Vertical Heterophoria?

Binocular Vision Dysfunction

Binocular vision is the ability of the eyes to work together as a team, so the term binocular vision dysfunction means that there is a misalignment between the lines of sight of each eye. This misalignment can be horizontal, vertical, or both. If the misalignment is severe enough, the patient will experience double vision or diplopia, while minor misalignments will have the patient still see a single image, but still cause eye strain, which can lead to other problems.

Vertical Heterophoria

Vertical heterophoria is a type of binocular vision dysfunction which is believed to be caused by a lack of proper coordination between the two main vertical eye alignment mechanisms; the balance (vestibular) system and the vision (oculomotor) system.

Symptoms

Vertical heterophoria can lead to a number of symptoms, some of which might not be immediately associated with vision.

These include:

Dizziness

Feelings of dizziness can come and go for someone with vertical heterophoria, and it can be triggered by a range of actions, such as”

  • standing up quickly
  • moving the head from side to side 
  • straightening up quickly after bending over
  • Rounding curves in a car
  • Driving at high speed in traffic
  • Riding in a car as a passenger

Head, Neck, and Shoulder Pain

Other signs you have vertical heterophoria include head pain (specifically at the temples, forehead, and the back of the head). The intensity of these headaches can also vary. Those suffering from vertical heterophoria may also experience a feeling of heaviness near the crown of the head, comparable to the pressure from sinus pain.

Neck and shoulder pain can result from head tilting to compensate for the vision difficulties caused by the misaligned eyes.

Anxiety

Anxiety, specifically while driving, is also a common symptom of vertical heterophoria.

Particular issues which may occur include:

  • Perception that signs and stoplights are moving or that your vehicle is moving backward even while you are pressing the break, which makes it hard to come to complete stops when required.
  • Generally anxiety regarding driving, due to concerns about experiencing dizziness while behind the wheel.
  • The perception that stationary objects at the edges of your vision are moving.
  • Uneasiness if places with high ceilings, due to sensory overload or disorientation due to a high level of visual stimuli.

Trouble Balancing

The dizziness caused by vertical heterophoria can also lead to trouble balancing, which can make everyday actions like going up the stairs dangerous.

Symptoms
What Causes Vertical Heterophoria?

What Causes Vertical Heterophoria?

There are two main causes of vertical heterophoria: traumatic brain injury (such as an accident or a stroke), and congenital causes.

What Causes Vertical Heterophoria?

How is Vertical Heterophoria Diagnosed?

A diagnosis of a binocular vision dysfunction, such as vertical heterophoria, can be made following a comprehensive vision evaluation performed by a neuro-optometrist. Basic eye tests may not detect these, and some of the symptoms may not lead people to suspect a vision issue.

 

How are Binocular Vision Dysfunctions Such as Vertical Heterophoria Treated?

  • Prism Lenses

Prism lenses can provide relief from symptoms such as double vision, as they help you compensate for the misalignment. However, these more provide short term relief than proper treatment.

  • Vision Therapy

Vision therapy, on the other hand, helps you (re)develop the visual skills necessary to maintain proper eye alignment, and once this ability is gained, the problem, in most cases, is completely resolved. 

Surgery is in most cases not recommended for these conditions. 

Symptoms
Dr. Ikeda cartoon

Summary

Binocular vision dysfunctions such as vertical heterophoria can have extremely negative impacts on your quality of life, with the symptoms of dizziness, anxiety, and others making day-to-day tasks difficult or even dangerous. However, vision therapy by certified neuro-optometrists can effectively treat the condition. Book an Appointment today if you suspect you might be suffering from a binocular vision dysfunction so we can schedule a comprehensive vision exam.

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Testimonials


  • I haven't actually used the optometrist side, so my review is limited to the vision therapy offered.  This office was recommended by my occupational therapist for the treatment of my double vision following a stroke.


    Claire A.

  • Love this location. I had a brain injury accident from day one one. All the team make you feel you still important and hope in the horizon after when the medical system fell you miserably. Dr. Ikeda very professional and very understanding about your issue. Two tombs up.


    Jim K.

  • My husband and I were immediately impressed with Dr Ikeda. I was hit by a car while cycling which caused broken bones and three brain injuries. The brain injuries caused double vision. Dr. Ikeda examined my eyes and got me started on vision therapy with his occupational therapist who specializes in vision therapy.  She (Chris) is absolutely great.  I am impressed with the array of tools used to help recover my binocular vision.  I am doing things I never thought were possible (balance boards etc).  Chris pushes me and keeps me motivated. I really enjoy my sessions with her.  The office staff is always friendly and they have a wonderful appointment reminder tool that makes it easy to keep my calendar up to date. I am happy the rehab center at Little Co. of Mary recommended them!!


    Teresa S.

  • The Vision Therapy is handled in a separate office through a different door from the shared waiting room. Chris, the vision therapist, has a wide and varied assortment of tools, equipment and resources to best evaluate and treat most vision issues. After just a few visits, my double vision became easier to control, using exercises developed during the therapy process. It was time well-spent.


    Joe M.

  • I have been coming here since I can remember. I love it here. The staff is so amazing and nice. They explain everything they gonna do and never make you feel rushed. Dr. Ikeda has always been my doctor and I would never want another one. He is the doctor for my whole family and is always asking how everyone is doing. I am also so crazy about picking out my frames and have to try so many and each person who helps me take the time and lets me try them all on. I would never want to go anywhere else! I definitely would recommend this office to anyone looking for a great eye doctor.


    Kayla W.

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