Take Care of Your Vision After a Stroke with Neuro Optometric Rehabilitation

More than 50% of neurologically impaired patients have a visual or visual-cognitive disorder. A stroke is a neurological episode that causes impairment and it is essential to take care of your vision after experiencing a stroke. Learn about neuro optometric rehabilitation and how it can help you.

Take Care of Your Vision After a Stroke with Neuro Optometric Rehabilitation in Bellflower

Amplify Eyecare of Greater Long Beach

What is neuro vision rehabilitation?

The objective of neuro vision rehabilitation is a customized treatment plan created by an optometrist specializing in neuro optometric rehabilitation, taking account of the patient's specific needs, which may include visual, cognitive, and motor impairments. These patients, who span all ages, have a visual impairment which could be caused by a variety of neurological factors, including suffering from a stroke. Unfortunately, it is not uncommon for the visual deficits that these patients are experiencing to be misunderstood which can lead to a misdiagnosis, such as a learning disability or an attention deficit disorder. Neuro optometry uses the principle of brain plasticity to retrain the brain how to properly communicate with the eyes in order to strengthen the visual system after a stroke.

Neuro vision rehabilitation treats many visual conditions, including:

  • Traumatic visual acuity loss
  • Traumatic loss of visual field
  • Diplopia
  • Strabismus
  • Convergence disorders
  • Accommodative disorders
  • Binocular dysfunction
  • Oculomotor dysfunction 
  • Paralysis/ paresis
  • Visual perception deficit
  • Visual spatial dysfunction 

A referral for neuro-vision rehabilitation can improve a patient's quality of life.

 

Vision and the Brain

Research shows that vision is involved in approximately up to 85% of our learning, perception, cognition and activities.

There are three main aspects of vision:

  1. Visual Acuity and Visual Field - visual acuity refers to how clearly a patient can see using the Snellen chart measurements of 20/20 and problems with visual acuity include myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism and presbyopia. Visual field refers to the central and peripheral range that a person can see and when a stroke occurs, around 20% of people suffer from permanent visual field loss. The most common deficit caused by a stroke is a homonymous hemianopia and other types include a quadrantanopia or a scotoma.
  2. Visual perception - this includes how vision interacts with the other senses in the body as the brain is interpreting signals from the eyes. Some examples of visual perception include visual memory, visual-motor integration, and visual-auditory integration.
  3. Visual Motor Skills - there are many skills included, such as:
    • Binocularity
    • Stereopsis 
    • Alignment
    • Fixation 
    • Accommodation
    • Convergence
    • Pursuits 
    • Saccades

A patient who suffered from a stroke can experience issues with any of these components of the visual system and may or may not notice the change in his or her visual abilities.

Vision and the Brain
Visual Damage Following a Stroke

Visual Damage Following a Stroke

There are other characteristic types of damage to the visual system that can occur after a stroke:

Dry Eyes

Some people who have suffered a stroke have a hard time blinking or fully closing their eyes which can affect the moistness of their eyes and can lead to dry eyes. This can cause a burning sensation, irritation, and/ or blurry vision.

Eye Movement Disorders

There are various ways that a stroke can affect the nerves and muscles that control your eye movements. Some examples include:

  • Diplopia - double vision
  • Nystagmus - a condition when the eyes move in a constant vibrating type of motion
  • Strabismus - the eye is misaligned with the other eye
  • Oculomotor dysfunction - difficulty controlling eye tracking movements

The third cranial nerve, known as the oculomotor nerve, and the third nerve nuclei are particularly vulnerable following a stroke. Due to the fact that these innervate eight out of twelve of the extraocular muscles, there are certain characteristic signs and symptoms that can be noticed after a stroke. Similarly, the sixth cranial nerve and nuclei are also susceptible to damage due to a stroke. The sixth nerve is known as the abducens nerve and it innervates two of the twelve extraocular muscles.

Oculomotor Nerve Damage Can Cause: Abducens Nerve Damage Can Cause:
  • Ptosis 
  • Fixed and dilated pupil
  • Convergence insufficiency/ infacility
  • Accommodative insufficiency/ infacility
  • Exotropia 
  • Exophoria 
  • Divergence insufficiency/ infacility 
  • Esotropia 
  • Esophoria
  • Restricted abduction of the damaged eye

There are many other ways that the eyes can be affected, but above are some of the most typical eye conditions caused by a stroke.

Referring a Patient to Neuro Optometric Rehabilitation Can Allow Them to Regain Control Over Their Lives

 

Neuro Optometric Rehabilitation

There is a field within optometry which has been proven to greatly improve a stroke survivor’s visual system. Neuro optometric rehabilitation can allow one to reclaim their independence and even regain visual abilities after suffering from visual damage due to a stroke.
Neuro optometric rehabilitation is vision care that goes beyond the simple correction of eyesight via contact lenses and eyeglasses. In particular, it focuses on the neurological side of the larger visual system, which includes not only the eyes, but the brain as well. As such, neuro optometric rehabilitation therapy centers around improving the brain-eye connection to treat a wide range of vision problems.
Our optometrist utilizes a wide variety of exercises and visual learning games, along with devices such as specialized lenses, to help attain, improve, or regain the important visual skills which will help resolve the patients’ visual issues.

Low Vision

Low vision is the result of partial but irreversible visual impairment. A diagnosis does not mean that one is blind. It just means that the patient has problems that cannot be corrected with conventional interventions, and that he or she may require vision devices and training to enhance the remaining eyesight. In most instances, a person retains some degree of vision that usually responds well to specialty glasses or to other vision aids. The field of low vision is dedicated to helping patients reclaim their independence and improve their quality of life, despite any visual impairment.

Vision and the Brain
Dr. Ikeda cartoon

Summary

The objective of neuro vision rehabilitation is a customized treatment plan created by an optometrist specializing in neuro optometric rehabilitation, taking account of the patient's specific needs, which may include visual, cognitive, and motor impairments. Some people who have suffered a stroke have a hard time blinking or fully closing their eyes which can affect the moistness of their eyes and can lead to dry eyes. This can cause a burning sensation, irritation, and/ or blurry vision.

Related Articles

Testimonials


  • I haven't actually used the optometrist side, so my review is limited to the vision therapy offered.  This office was recommended by my occupational therapist for the treatment of my double vision following a stroke.


    Claire A.

  • Love this location. I had a brain injury accident from day one one. All the team make you feel you still important and hope in the horizon after when the medical system fell you miserably. Dr. Ikeda very professional and very understanding about your issue. Two tombs up.


    Jim K.

  • My husband and I were immediately impressed with Dr Ikeda. I was hit by a car while cycling which caused broken bones and three brain injuries. The brain injuries caused double vision. Dr. Ikeda examined my eyes and got me started on vision therapy with his occupational therapist who specializes in vision therapy.  She (Chris) is absolutely great.  I am impressed with the array of tools used to help recover my binocular vision.  I am doing things I never thought were possible (balance boards etc).  Chris pushes me and keeps me motivated. I really enjoy my sessions with her.  The office staff is always friendly and they have a wonderful appointment reminder tool that makes it easy to keep my calendar up to date. I am happy the rehab center at Little Co. of Mary recommended them!!


    Teresa S.

  • The Vision Therapy is handled in a separate office through a different door from the shared waiting room. Chris, the vision therapist, has a wide and varied assortment of tools, equipment and resources to best evaluate and treat most vision issues. After just a few visits, my double vision became easier to control, using exercises developed during the therapy process. It was time well-spent.


    Joe M.

  • I have been coming here since I can remember. I love it here. The staff is so amazing and nice. They explain everything they gonna do and never make you feel rushed. Dr. Ikeda has always been my doctor and I would never want another one. He is the doctor for my whole family and is always asking how everyone is doing. I am also so crazy about picking out my frames and have to try so many and each person who helps me take the time and lets me try them all on. I would never want to go anywhere else! I definitely would recommend this office to anyone looking for a great eye doctor.


    Kayla W.

Blog

Lighting-Assessment---Intensity-1

Lighting as Part of A Low Vision Evaluation

A low vision evaluation is in some ways similar to a regular eye exam, and in other ways entirely different. […]

Read More
josh-applegate-p_KJvKVsH14-unsplash

Can ADD/ADHD be a Vision Problem?

According to a study, approximately 20% of 4.5 million children currently identified as having ADHD may have been misdiagnosed. Furthermore […]

Read More
pexels-monstera-6186146

Are all magnifiers the same? The difference in optics between handheld magnifiers

Hand magnifiers are hand-held devices that can be placed over an object or text to enlarge or magnify what you […]

Read More
see all blogs

Contact Us To Amplify Your EyeCare

Amplify EyeCare of Greater Long Beach Logo

Working Hours

Monday & Wednesday
9:00AM–6:00PM

Tuesday & Thursday
8:00AM–5:00PM

Saturday
By appointment only

Friday & Sunday
Closed

 

 

Location
16816 Clark Ave, Bellflower, CA 90706, United States
Fax
(562) 867-8719
Website Accessibility Policy
Safety protocols page
privacy policy
Cancellation Policy
For Patients
appointment
Call Us
Referrals
Assessments
For Patients
appointment
Call Us
Referrals
Assessments
eyefile-adduserphone-handsetcalendar-fullarrow-uparrow-right linkedin facebook pinterest youtube rss twitter instagram facebook-blank rss-blank linkedin-blank pinterest youtube twitter instagram