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All Developmental Dyslexic Subtypes Display an Elevated Motion Coherence Threshold

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Psychophysical studies indicate that many dyslexics have a motion-processing deficit. The purpose of this study was to determine whether elevated motion coherence thresholds correlate with the specific dyslexic subtypes as defined by the Boder classification scheme.



Twenty-one dyslexics (seven dyseidetics, six dysphonetics, and eight dysphoneidetics) and 19 age- and gender-matched controls participated in the study. The dyslexics were identified by an exclusionary approach and then subtyped with the Adult Dyslexia Test or the Dyslexia Determination Test. Motion coherence thresholds were determined with random dot kinematograms composed of signal dots and noise dots. Signal dots moved either left or right on each trial, whereas noise dots moved in random directions. The percentage of dots that comprised the signal was varied randomly on each trial (0 to 21% in 3% increments). Subjects guessed the direction of signal dot motion on each trial (two-alternative forced-choice task). A 75% correct threshold was determined with a Weibull equation fit to the psychometric function.



All three dyslexic subtypes had elevated motion coherence thresholds (t-test; dyseidetics p = 0.01, dysphonetics p = 0.039, dysphoneidetics p = 0.048).



Motion-coherence deficits are not correlated with a specific dyslexic subtype, but, rather, are common to all subtypes. However, some individuals in each of the dyslexic subtypes were found to have normal motion coherence thresholds, suggesting that other factors must be considered to predict the motion sensitivity deficits found in dyslexia.


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