Authors
Joseph F Clark, Pat Graman, James K Ellis, Robert E Mangine, Joseph T Rauch, Ben Bixenmann, Kimberly A Hasselfeld, Jon G Divine, Angelo Colosimo, Gregory Myer

An exploratory study of the potential effects of vision training on concussion incidence in football

publication date
February 2015
Category
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Abstract/Introduction

Background: Vision training has become a component of sports enhancement training, however quantifiable and validated improvement in visual performance has not been clearly demonstrated. In addition, there is minimal literature related to the effects of vision training on sports performance and injury risk reduction. the purpose of the current investigation was to determine the effects of vision training on peripheral vision and concussion incidence.

Methods: Vision training was initiated among the University of Cincinnati football team at the beginning of the 2010 season and continued for four years (2010 to 2013). e sports vision enhancement was conducted during the two weeks of preseason camp. Typical vision training consisted of Dynavision D2 light board training, Nike strobe glasses, and tracking drills. Nike Strobe glasses and tracking drills were done with pairs of pitch and catch drills using footballs, and tennis balls with instructions to vary arc, speed and trajectory. For skilled players “high ball” drills were the focused, whereas for linemen, bounce passes and low pitch drills were stressed.  Reaction time data was recorded for each athlete during every Dynavision D2 training session.  We monitored the incidence of concussion during the four consecutive seasons of vision training, as well as the previous four consecutive seasons and compared incidence of concussions; (2006 to 2009-referent seasons vs. 2010 to 2013 vision training seasons).


Conclusion/Results

Results: During the 2006 -2013 pre- and regular football seasons, there were 41 sustained concussion events reported. e overall concussion incidence rate for the entire cohort 5.1 cases per 100 player seasons. When the data were evaluated relative to vision trained versus referent untrained player seasons, a statistically signicant lower rate of concussion was noted in players season  in the vision training cohort (1.4 concussions per 100 player seasons) compared to players who did not receive the vision training (9.2 concussions per 100 game exposures; P <0.001). e decrease in injury frequency in competitive seasons with vision training was also associated with a concomitant decrease in missed play time

CONCLUSION: Future prospective studies are needed to determine a causal relationship of vision training and injury prevention. Further, from this retrospective analysis, it is not clear what vision training method or methods are most benecial to support concussion injury risk reduction. Future prospective randomized clinical trials are warranted to better assess the cause and eect of vision training and its potential to reduce concussion incidence in football players.


Testimonials


I haven't actually used the optometrist side, so my review is limited to the vision therapy offered.  This office was recommended by my occupational therapist for the treatment of my double vision following a stroke.


Claire A.

Love this location. I had a brain injury accident from day one one. All the team make you feel you still important and hope in the horizon after when the medical system fell you miserably. Dr. Ikeda very professional and very understanding about your issue. Two tombs up.


Jim K.

My husband and I were immediately impressed with Dr Ikeda. I was hit by a car while cycling which caused broken bones and three brain injuries. The brain injuries caused double vision. Dr. Ikeda examined my eyes and got me started on vision therapy with his occupational therapist who specializes in vision therapy.  She (Chris) is absolutely great.  I am impressed with the array of tools used to help recover my binocular vision.  I am doing things I never thought were possible (balance boards etc).  Chris pushes me and keeps me motivated. I really enjoy my sessions with her.  The office staff is always friendly and they have a wonderful appointment reminder tool that makes it easy to keep my calendar up to date. I am happy the rehab center at Little Co. of Mary recommended them!!


Teresa S.

The Vision Therapy is handled in a separate office through a different door from the shared waiting room. Chris, the vision therapist, has a wide and varied assortment of tools, equipment and resources to best evaluate and treat most vision issues. After just a few visits, my double vision became easier to control, using exercises developed during the therapy process. It was time well-spent.


Joe M.

I have been coming here since I can remember. I love it here. The staff is so amazing and nice. They explain everything they gonna do and never make you feel rushed. Dr. Ikeda has always been my doctor and I would never want another one. He is the doctor for my whole family and is always asking how everyone is doing. I am also so crazy about picking out my frames and have to try so many and each person who helps me take the time and lets me try them all on. I would never want to go anywhere else! I definitely would recommend this office to anyone looking for a great eye doctor.


Kayla W.

This is not for the eye exam but for the frames selection portion. I brought my prescription from Kaiser here with my VSP insurance. The reception staff was very polite and professional.  Manny helped me to pick out frames and explain my coverage.  Very helpful and patient not like the individual at the other place I rated here on Yelp.  I was running late and he still helped me and was not bothered at all.  I am so glad I came here ..........very pleased.

Very professional staff and pleasant.


Daniel G.
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