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Authors
Paul Courtright, Nick Metcalfe, Alex Hoechsmann, Moses Chirambo, Susan Lewallen, John Barrows, Christine Witte, Chikwawa Survey Team

Cataract surgical coverage and outcome of cataract surgery in a rural district in Malawi

publication date
2004 Feb
Category
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Abstract/Introduction

Background: Cataract is the leading cause of blindness in Malawi. We sought to determine the cataract surgical coverage and the outcome of cataract surgery in a rural district in Malawi to assess past performance of cataract surgical services.

Methods: From July to October 1999 we conducted a multistage random cluster survey to include 1630 residents aged 50 years or more in Chikwawa District. Visual acuity, cause of vision loss, history of cataract surgery and cause of poor vision (if less than 6/60) were assessed. Cataract surgical coverage, sight restoration rate and outcome were calculated by person and eye and for men and women separately.


Conclusion/Results

Results: We examined 1384 people (84.9% of target). Twenty-one people (12 men and 9 women) (30 eyes) had received cataract surgery. The cataract surgical coverage rate was 35.6% (44.4% for men and 28.1% for women [odds ratio 2.0, 95% confidence interval 0.6-7.0]) at a visual acuity level of 6/60, and 55.3% (60.0% for men and 50.0% for women [odds ratio 1.5, 95% confidence interval 0.3-6.7]) at a level of 3/60. Only one eye of one subject had received an intraocular lens. Presenting visual acuity was 6/18 or better in 7 eyes (23.3%), 6/24 to 6/60 in 7 eyes, and worse than 6/60 in 16 eyes (53.3%). Among the 16 eyes with visual acuity less than 6/60, the vision could be improved in 8 with provision of aphakic spectacles.

Interpretation: Cataract surgical coverage in this population is similar to that reported from other countries in Africa. As in other settings, cataract surgical coverage was lower in women than in men. Poor outcomes in this population are partly due to surgical complications and partly due to a lack of aphakic correction. Surgical promotion programs will need to focus on differentiating intraocular lens surgery from (previously practised) intracapsular cataract extraction surgery.


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I haven't actually used the optometrist side, so my review is limited to the vision therapy offered.  This office was recommended by my occupational therapist for the treatment of my double vision following a stroke.


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My husband and I were immediately impressed with Dr Ikeda. I was hit by a car while cycling which caused broken bones and three brain injuries. The brain injuries caused double vision. Dr. Ikeda examined my eyes and got me started on vision therapy with his occupational therapist who specializes in vision therapy.  She (Chris) is absolutely great.  I am impressed with the array of tools used to help recover my binocular vision.  I am doing things I never thought were possible (balance boards etc).  Chris pushes me and keeps me motivated. I really enjoy my sessions with her.  The office staff is always friendly and they have a wonderful appointment reminder tool that makes it easy to keep my calendar up to date. I am happy the rehab center at Little Co. of Mary recommended them!!


Teresa S.

The Vision Therapy is handled in a separate office through a different door from the shared waiting room. Chris, the vision therapist, has a wide and varied assortment of tools, equipment and resources to best evaluate and treat most vision issues. After just a few visits, my double vision became easier to control, using exercises developed during the therapy process. It was time well-spent.


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This is not for the eye exam but for the frames selection portion. I brought my prescription from Kaiser here with my VSP insurance. The reception staff was very polite and professional.  Manny helped me to pick out frames and explain my coverage.  Very helpful and patient not like the individual at the other place I rated here on Yelp.  I was running late and he still helped me and was not bothered at all.  I am so glad I came here ..........very pleased.

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