Lynn, Marissa Howard MD,; Luo, Gang PhD,; Tomasi, Matteo PhD; Pundlik, Shrinivas PhD,; E. Houston, Kevin OD, MSc

Measuring Virtual Reality Headset Resolution and Field of View: Implications for Vision Care Applications

publication date
April 5, 2020
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To judge the feasibility of virtual reality (VR) headsets for vision testing and treatment of binocular vision disorders and low vision, angular resolution (logMAR) and field of view must be known and may not be reliably provided. This is the first study to measure the limitations of VR systems for eye care applications.


This study aimed to measure, in a sample of VR headsets, lens power and other physical and optical characteristics needed to calculate minimum angular resolution in logMAR and field of view in determining feasibility for vision applications.


Lens power and horizontal display size were measured, and logMAR, field of view, and maximum convergence demand were calculated for two standalone VR devices, Oculus Rift DK2 and HTC Vive, and, for four smartphone VR headsets, Zeiss VR1, Samsung Gear VR, VR Box, and SunnyPeak, each paired with four high-resolution smartphones, Samsung Galaxy S7/S8, iPhone X, and LG VR30.



On average, the smallest letter that could be displayed in VR was 0.55 ± 0.17 (20/71), ranging from 0.79 (20/123) in the DK2 to 0.28 (20/39) in SunnyPeak with S7. Mean field of view was 67.1 ± 18.0°, ranging from 39.6° in the SunnyPeak with S7 to 85.6° in the HTC Vive. The mean field of view when used as a low vision aid was 30.8° and 16.9° for 2.2× and 4×, respectively. The mean maximum near convergence demand produced for a 60-mm interpupillary distance was 68.2 ± 32.9Δ.


The minimum angular resolution in logMAR of current VR technology is insufficient for visual acuity testing and may be insufficient for standalone treatment of amblyopia. Field of view may be less than that reported by manufacturers but adequate for some types of visual field testing and similar to existing telescopic low vision aids. Use for vergence testing and training is a concern for headsets with long eye-to-screen distance when interpupillary distance <60 mm.


I haven't actually used the optometrist side, so my review is limited to the vision therapy offered.  This office was recommended by my occupational therapist for the treatment of my double vision following a stroke.

Claire A.

Love this location. I had a brain injury accident from day one one. All the team make you feel you still important and hope in the horizon after when the medical system fell you miserably. Dr. Ikeda very professional and very understanding about your issue. Two tombs up.

Jim K.

My husband and I were immediately impressed with Dr Ikeda. I was hit by a car while cycling which caused broken bones and three brain injuries. The brain injuries caused double vision. Dr. Ikeda examined my eyes and got me started on vision therapy with his occupational therapist who specializes in vision therapy.  She (Chris) is absolutely great.  I am impressed with the array of tools used to help recover my binocular vision.  I am doing things I never thought were possible (balance boards etc).  Chris pushes me and keeps me motivated. I really enjoy my sessions with her.  The office staff is always friendly and they have a wonderful appointment reminder tool that makes it easy to keep my calendar up to date. I am happy the rehab center at Little Co. of Mary recommended them!!

Teresa S.

The Vision Therapy is handled in a separate office through a different door from the shared waiting room. Chris, the vision therapist, has a wide and varied assortment of tools, equipment and resources to best evaluate and treat most vision issues. After just a few visits, my double vision became easier to control, using exercises developed during the therapy process. It was time well-spent.

Joe M.

I have been coming here since I can remember. I love it here. The staff is so amazing and nice. They explain everything they gonna do and never make you feel rushed. Dr. Ikeda has always been my doctor and I would never want another one. He is the doctor for my whole family and is always asking how everyone is doing. I am also so crazy about picking out my frames and have to try so many and each person who helps me take the time and lets me try them all on. I would never want to go anywhere else! I definitely would recommend this office to anyone looking for a great eye doctor.

Kayla W.

This is not for the eye exam but for the frames selection portion. I brought my prescription from Kaiser here with my VSP insurance. The reception staff was very polite and professional.  Manny helped me to pick out frames and explain my coverage.  Very helpful and patient not like the individual at the other place I rated here on Yelp.  I was running late and he still helped me and was not bothered at all.  I am so glad I came here ..........very pleased.

Very professional staff and pleasant.

Daniel G.
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