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Authors
Ponsonby, Anne-Louise; Smith, Kylie; Williamson, Elizabeth; Bridge, Douglas; Carmichael, Allan; Dwyer, Terence; Jacobs, Alison; Keeffe, Jill

Poor Stereoacuity Among Children With Poor Literacy Prevalence and Associated Factors

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Abstract/Introduction

Purpose 

Population-based studies on abnormal binocular vision and low literacy are rare. The aim is to determine the prevalence of poor stereoacuity among children with low literacy; to identify the characteristics associated with poor stereoacuity among children with low literacy; and to determine the agreement between poor stereoacuity as measured by graded stereocircles with a computerized assessment.

 

Methods 

A total of 490 children attending primary school in the greater Hobart region, Tasmania, aged 7 to 14 years, with literacy results below the 10th percentile for Tasmanian students at grade 3 level of the NAPLAN (National Assessment Program in Literacy and Numeracy) testing completed a vision screen. Poor stereoacuity was defined as more than 100 seconds of arc as measured by Titmus stereocircles.


Conclusion/Results

Results 

The prevalence of poor stereoacuity was 16.8% (95% confidence interval [95% CI], 13.6 to 20.4%). Children with poor stereoacuity had a higher frequency of symptom report using the Convergence Insufficiency Symptom Survey. Factors associated with poor stereopsis were prematurity (adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 2.19; 95% CI, 1.09 to 4.42) and bottom shuffling (AOR, 2.39; 95% CI, 1.17 to 4.88). Features associated with poor stereopsis included squint (AOR, 6.05; 95% CI, 3.02 to 12.12), migraine (AOR, 2.25; 95% CI, 1.05 to 4.83), and attention deficit disorder (AOR, 1.92; 95% CI, 1.01 to 3.65).

 

Conclusions 

In this low-literacy sample, one-sixth had low stereoacuity. The associations reported require further investigation.


Testimonials


I haven't actually used the optometrist side, so my review is limited to the vision therapy offered.  This office was recommended by my occupational therapist for the treatment of my double vision following a stroke.


Claire A.

Love this location. I had a brain injury accident from day one one. All the team make you feel you still important and hope in the horizon after when the medical system fell you miserably. Dr. Ikeda very professional and very understanding about your issue. Two tombs up.


Jim K.

My husband and I were immediately impressed with Dr Ikeda. I was hit by a car while cycling which caused broken bones and three brain injuries. The brain injuries caused double vision. Dr. Ikeda examined my eyes and got me started on vision therapy with his occupational therapist who specializes in vision therapy.  She (Chris) is absolutely great.  I am impressed with the array of tools used to help recover my binocular vision.  I am doing things I never thought were possible (balance boards etc).  Chris pushes me and keeps me motivated. I really enjoy my sessions with her.  The office staff is always friendly and they have a wonderful appointment reminder tool that makes it easy to keep my calendar up to date. I am happy the rehab center at Little Co. of Mary recommended them!!


Teresa S.

The Vision Therapy is handled in a separate office through a different door from the shared waiting room. Chris, the vision therapist, has a wide and varied assortment of tools, equipment and resources to best evaluate and treat most vision issues. After just a few visits, my double vision became easier to control, using exercises developed during the therapy process. It was time well-spent.


Joe M.

I have been coming here since I can remember. I love it here. The staff is so amazing and nice. They explain everything they gonna do and never make you feel rushed. Dr. Ikeda has always been my doctor and I would never want another one. He is the doctor for my whole family and is always asking how everyone is doing. I am also so crazy about picking out my frames and have to try so many and each person who helps me take the time and lets me try them all on. I would never want to go anywhere else! I definitely would recommend this office to anyone looking for a great eye doctor.


Kayla W.

This is not for the eye exam but for the frames selection portion. I brought my prescription from Kaiser here with my VSP insurance. The reception staff was very polite and professional.  Manny helped me to pick out frames and explain my coverage.  Very helpful and patient not like the individual at the other place I rated here on Yelp.  I was running late and he still helped me and was not bothered at all.  I am so glad I came here ..........very pleased.

Very professional staff and pleasant.


Daniel G.
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