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Using the VA LV VFQ-48 and LV VFQ-20 in Low Vision Rehabilitation

publication date
May 24, 2007
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This study was conducted to demonstrate use of a simple scoring algorithm for the 48-item Veterans Affairs Low Vision Visual Functioning Questionnaire (VA LV VFQ-48) that approximates the measure of persons' visual ability that would be calculated with Rasch analysis and to provide a short form version of the questionnaire for clinical practice and outcomes research.


Items were eliminated from the VA LV VFQ-48 to reduce redundancy and shorten the instrument. The approximation of persons' visual ability calculated with the scoring algorithm for vision function questionnaires developed by Massof was compared with the person measure estimated from Rasch analysis for a sample of 126 subjects entering a low vision rehabilitation program.



The approximation captures 98% of the variability in the Rasch measure estimate of persons' visual ability and 97% of the variability in the change score estimate. The relationship does not hold in circumstances where patients with high visual ability find most items to be easy. A 20-item short form of the instrument was constructed for use in low vision service delivery.


The scoring algorithm can be used with the VA LV VFQ-48 or short form versions of the questionnaire. Clinicians can use the algorithm to score the VA LV VFQ from examination of individual patients or as an outcome measure for their low vision rehabilitation programs. Research investigators can use the scoring algorithm with small samples when Rasch analysis is not reliable or in studies where Rasch analysis is not practical. Rasch analysis is still recommended for research studies that require more accurate assessments.


I haven't actually used the optometrist side, so my review is limited to the vision therapy offered.  This office was recommended by my occupational therapist for the treatment of my double vision following a stroke.

Claire A.

Love this location. I had a brain injury accident from day one one. All the team make you feel you still important and hope in the horizon after when the medical system fell you miserably. Dr. Ikeda very professional and very understanding about your issue. Two tombs up.

Jim K.

My husband and I were immediately impressed with Dr Ikeda. I was hit by a car while cycling which caused broken bones and three brain injuries. The brain injuries caused double vision. Dr. Ikeda examined my eyes and got me started on vision therapy with his occupational therapist who specializes in vision therapy.  She (Chris) is absolutely great.  I am impressed with the array of tools used to help recover my binocular vision.  I am doing things I never thought were possible (balance boards etc).  Chris pushes me and keeps me motivated. I really enjoy my sessions with her.  The office staff is always friendly and they have a wonderful appointment reminder tool that makes it easy to keep my calendar up to date. I am happy the rehab center at Little Co. of Mary recommended them!!

Teresa S.

The Vision Therapy is handled in a separate office through a different door from the shared waiting room. Chris, the vision therapist, has a wide and varied assortment of tools, equipment and resources to best evaluate and treat most vision issues. After just a few visits, my double vision became easier to control, using exercises developed during the therapy process. It was time well-spent.

Joe M.

I have been coming here since I can remember. I love it here. The staff is so amazing and nice. They explain everything they gonna do and never make you feel rushed. Dr. Ikeda has always been my doctor and I would never want another one. He is the doctor for my whole family and is always asking how everyone is doing. I am also so crazy about picking out my frames and have to try so many and each person who helps me take the time and lets me try them all on. I would never want to go anywhere else! I definitely would recommend this office to anyone looking for a great eye doctor.

Kayla W.

This is not for the eye exam but for the frames selection portion. I brought my prescription from Kaiser here with my VSP insurance. The reception staff was very polite and professional.  Manny helped me to pick out frames and explain my coverage.  Very helpful and patient not like the individual at the other place I rated here on Yelp.  I was running late and he still helped me and was not bothered at all.  I am so glad I came here ..........very pleased.

Very professional staff and pleasant.

Daniel G.
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