Authors
Pang, Yi; Frantz, Kelly A.; Schlange, Darrell G.

Vision Therapy Management for Dissociated Horizontal Deviation

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Abstract/Introduction

Purpose 

Dissociated horizontal deviation (DHD), a rare subtype of strabismus, is a change in horizontal eye alignment that does not obey Hering’s law. The variation is unrelated to a change in accommodation and depends on which eye is fixating. Both esotropia (ET) and exotropia (XT) can manifest in the same patient with DHD. Surgery has been reported to manage DHD, but often a second or third surgery is necessary. We report two cases of DHD that were managed with vision therapy (VT).

 

Case Reports 

Case one: A 9-year-old girl presented for eye examination with her parents noting an eye drifting out. Cover test showed a DHD that varied from 15Δ left ET to 15Δ alternating XT. A 40Δ XT manifested when she was inattentive. Anti-suppression, vergence, accommodation, and oculomotility were addressed with VT. Upon completion of VT, binocular vision functions were normal except for appreciation of global stereopsis. No strabismus was observed during the examination. These findings were stable at a 7-month follow-up visit. Case two: A 40-year-old man presented for eye examination with the complaint of double vision and eye strain. Cover test revealed a DHD that varied from 5Δ ET to 15Δ XT, along with DVD. A 30 to 40Δ XT was observed during visual inattention. Antisuppression and vergence skills were addressed with VT. At the end of VT, most binocular vision functions were normal. No strabismus was observed on cover test. Follow-up examination 16 years later showed no strabismus by cover test, although XT manifested when he was inattentive.


Conclusion/Results

Conclusions 

In two DHD cases, control of eye alignment improved with VT. To the best of our knowledge, these are the first case reports to describe management of DHD with VT. Eye care practitioners should be aware that a long period of VT may be necessary to successfully manage DHD.


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  • My husband and I were immediately impressed with Dr Ikeda. I was hit by a car while cycling which caused broken bones and three brain injuries. The brain injuries caused double vision. Dr. Ikeda examined my eyes and got me started on vision therapy with his occupational therapist who specializes in vision therapy.  She (Chris) is absolutely great.  I am impressed with the array of tools used to help recover my binocular vision.  I am doing things I never thought were possible (balance boards etc).  Chris pushes me and keeps me motivated. I really enjoy my sessions with her.  The office staff is always friendly and they have a wonderful appointment reminder tool that makes it easy to keep my calendar up to date. I am happy the rehab center at Little Co. of Mary recommended them!!


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  • The Vision Therapy is handled in a separate office through a different door from the shared waiting room. Chris, the vision therapist, has a wide and varied assortment of tools, equipment and resources to best evaluate and treat most vision issues. After just a few visits, my double vision became easier to control, using exercises developed during the therapy process. It was time well-spent.


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